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Health and Social Care

Why study health and social care?

Do you enjoy helping people? Are you capable of using your initiative that could maybe save someone’s life? Are you able to work independently as well as be part of a team, to give orders as well as act upon them?

Do you ever wonder about the miracle of pregnancy and about bringing a new life into this world? Do you cherish the more mature members of society and would like to make a difference to their later lives as they have made an impact on your formative years. Would you like to help those in a time of mental health crisis to return back to independence?

If so, health and social care could be for you. Many students who have completed this course have gone on to successful careers in some of the following areas- midwifery, paediatric and neo-natal, mental health, criminology, social work and working for the citizen’s advice bureau. Do something extraordinary today and decide on a career in health and social care.

Summary

The AS and A level specification in Health and Social Care should encourage candidates to:

  • Develop and sustain an interest in health, early years care and education, social care and issues affecting the care sector
  • Acquire knowledge and understanding of health, early years care and education and issues affecting the health and social care sector
  • Develop skills that will enable them to make an effective contribution to the care sector including skills of research, evaluation and problem solving in a work related context

Units

AS Units 1 and 2 are compulsory for all awards.

A2 Unit 7 is compulsory for Single Award plus one further unit from Units 9, 10, 11, 12.

AS units for Double Award: choose Unit 3 or 4 plus Unit 5 or 6.

A2 Units 7 and 8 are compulsory for Double Award plus two further units from Units 9, 10, 11, 12.

AS - Unit 1 - Promoting Quality Care and Communication

External: Written examination, 1½ hours

The unit introduces candidates to factors affecting the quality of life. The care principles, skills and techniques required by both formal and informal carers to treat individuals well within a range of care settings.

  • 1.1 Factors affecting the quality of life of individuals
  • 1.2 Principles of care
  • 1.3 Caring skills and techniques
  • 1.4 Communication
  • 1.5 Barriers to communication and quality care
  • 1.6 Rights and responsibilities of providers and individuals

AS - Unit 2 - Promoting Good Health

This unit is internally assessed and requires candidates to produce a portfolio evidencing the planning and preparation, execution and evaluation of a small health promotion campaign aimed at a specific target group.

  • 2.1 Perspectives of health and well-being
  • 2.2 Factors that affect health and well-being
  • 2.3 Preventative measures to avoid ill health
  • 2.4 Job roles of key workers in health promotion
  • 2.5 Techniques used within health promotion

AS - Unit 3 - Child Development: Principles and Theories of Growth and Development (0-8 years)

This unit is internally assessed and requires candidates to produce a child study that compares a chosen child with the expected norms of development.

  • 3.1 The general principles of the growth and development of children 0-8 years
  • 3.2 Factors affecting development
  • 3.3 The importance of play
  • 3.4 Play environments

AS - Unit 4 - Creative Activities in a range of Care Settings

This unit is internally assessed and requires candidates to produce a report containing research and delivery of a creative activity within a selected care setting.

In this unit, candidates will explore the different kinds of creative activities used by care professionals in a range of care settings to benefit individuals at different life stages.

  • 4.1 Creative activities
  • 4.2 Care settings
  • 4.3 Individuals with specific care needs
  • 4.4 Job roles of care workers using creative activities
  • 4.5 Applying the principles of care in creative activities
  • 4.6 Planning creative activities

AS - Unit 5 - Understanding Individuals with Disabilities

Assessment for this unit will be through an external test based on the content of the unit. There will be one examination (1½ hours).

This aim of this unit is to enable candidates to develop knowledge and understanding of a range of disability conditions and impairments. This will include specialist services that are available to meet the needs of individuals with disabilities.

  • 5.1 The meaning of disability
  • 5.2 Causes and effects of disability / impairment
  • 5.3 Disability conditions
  • 5.4 Legislation
  • 5.5 Care management process
  • 5.6 Service provision
  • 5.7 Barriers
  • 5.8 Aids and adaptations available to support individuals with disabilities

AS - Unit 6 - Understanding common illnesses, diseases and disorders

This unit is assessed through an external examination (1½ hours).

Candidates will gain knowledge and understanding of the causes, signs and symptoms of a range of common illnesses, diseases and disorders that might affect individuals.

  • 6.1 Understanding the basic concepts and terminology
  • 6.2 Categories of illness, disease and a disorder
  • 6.3 Infectious diseases
  • 6.4 Control of infectious diseases
  • 6.5 Non-infectious diseases and disorders
  • 6.6 Risk reduction strategies

A2 - Unit 7 - Provision of Health, Social Care and Children's Service

This unit is externally assessed and requires candidates to produce a report based on a coursework assignment, 10 hour duration and set by WJEC. It is recommended that the work is limited to 2000 words.

In this unit, candidates will need to study the main health, social care and children’s services to meet individual needs.

  • 7.1 Service provision in the local area
  • 7.2 Practitioner roles within multi-disciplinary teams
  • 7.3 Meeting individual needs
  • 7.4 Quality assurance procedures
  • 7.5 Effects of national policy and legislation on service provision

A2 - Unit 8 - Understanding Human Behaviour

Assessment for this unit will be through an external examination based on the content of the unit. There will be one examination (2 hours).

Through the study of this unit, candidates will gain knowledge and understanding of the influences that can affect human development and the concepts and theories that can be used to explain human behaviour within different care settings.

  • 8.1 Factors that influence an individual's development
  • 8.2 Theories of human development
  • 8.3 Applications of the psychological theories to understand the behaviour of different individuals within a range of care settings
  • 8.4 Strategies associated with the theories

A2 - Unit 9 - Working in Health and Social Care

This unit is internally assessed and requires candidates to produce a report based on a study of two different job roles within the health, social care and children's services.

The aim of this unit is to help candidates prepare for employment within the areas of health, social care and children’s services. It will enable them to reflect on their own suitability for employment in different job roles, and will also provide opportunities to build on their knowledge and understanding of caring skills/ techniques.

  • 9.1 The main employment sectors in health, social care and children’s settings
  • 9.2 Job roles of practitioners
  • 9.3 The qualifications and skills needed by practitioners
  • 9.4 Caring skills and techniques to meet the needs of individuals

A2 - Unit 10 - Care of Older Individuals

This unit is internally assessed and requires candidates to produce an in-depth case study based on the effects of ageing and the resulting care needs for one older individual.

This unit aims to broaden knowledge and understanding of the ageing process and the provision of local services available for older individuals. The unit will focus on how the physical, intellectual, emotional and social needs of older individuals are met through care provided by both formal and informal care providers.

  • 10.1 Physical and cognitive effects of ageing
  • 10.2 Impact of social, emotional and economic factors on ageing
  • 10.3 Care and support services for older individuals
  • 10.4 Access and barriers to services
  • 10.5 Role of professional care workers
  • 10.6 Rights and protection for older individuals

A2 - Unit 11 - The Role of Complementary Therapies in the Care of Individuals

This unit is internally assessed and requires candidates to produce a written report on a study of two complementary therapies and investigate how they meet the needs of two individuals with differing needs. Research will also encompass the views of health professionals and the public.

The aim of this unit is to provide candidates with the opportunity to explore the use of a range of complementary therapies and how they can be used holistically to support conventional therapies.

  • 11.1 Definitions of complementary therapies
  • 11.2 Classification of complementary and alternative therapies
  • 11.3. Meeting the needs of individuals
  • 11.4 Settings that provide complementary therapies
  • 11.5 Roles of practitioners involved in complementary therapies
  • 11.6 Current trends and opinions relating to the use of complementary therapies

A2 - Unit 12 - The Influences of Food and Fitness on Health and Well-being

Candidates will need to produce a written report that examines the results of a specially designed diet and physical activity programme on two individuals for a minimum period of four weeks.

The aim of the unit is to increase the knowledge and understanding of a range of different aspects relating to the diet and fitness of individuals at different life stages.

  • 12.1 The main nutrients in food – their source and function
  • 12.2 The positive effects of physical activity on the physical, psychological/mental and social health of individuals
  • 12.3 Current dietary and physical activity guidelines initiated to promote the health of the nation
  • 12.5 Designing suitable diets and physical activity programmes for individuals

Course providers